In business, there are 3 styles of management
that are widely accepted. These are autocratic, consultative and democratic. All of these 3 styles of management are effective in running a business.
However, they vary widely in results and how the employees of a particular company treat and respect their management team or leader. An effective manager uses a combination of the 3 styles of management depending on the situation and employee involved.
There are managers who only believe in using 1 type of management on a regular basis, but this is not recommended. In order to get the best possible work and results from the employees it is recommended to use all of the 3 styles of management. Each case is different and needs to be addressed as such. Aside from the 3 main types there are also other techniques and styles used by management including participatory.
This style is one in which the manager gives entire tasks to his or her employees to complete, rather than partial tasks. This is also effective because when an employee understands the whole task they are more likely to be motivated enough to carry out the tasks set before them and do a good job. Another style which is used in addition to the main 3 styles of management is the directing style.
This style is most effective in cases where there is a tight deadline and in this case the manager answers the 5 main questions directly for the employee: Where, How, What, Why and When? This gives the employee no wiggle room to do anything but exactly what needs to be done and when it needs to be done.
Another commonly-used management style is the teamwork style which is widely used across the world of retail. This style puts emphasis on teamwork and frowns upon individualism. In this case the knowledge and skills of a group of people are utilized and this can bring about success in a more timely fashion than a lot of other styles.
The first of the 3 styles of management that we will discuss is the autocratic style. Autocratic is when the manager in question really only gives instruction to his/her employees. They tell the employees what to do and accept no input from the employees.
They do ask for the employees opinions in matters and use their role as management to do this. This type of management has it's pros and cons. one of the pros include a strictly run business in which the management has absolute power and the decisions made are management's alone and they also have the responsibility if they do not work out.
However, in this regard there is only one opinion that is valued and therefore only one perspective being looked at.
The second of the 3 styles of management is the consultative style. This involves the management actually consulting others about the decision that has to be made before actually making it.
This gives the management more viewpoints from which to make a decision and lets the employees know that their opinion is not only asked for and wanted but also that it matters in the workplace. This is a very effective style of management in a lot of workplaces.
Lastly, the third style in the 3 styles of management is the democratic style. This style empowers all employees to have a say in the running of the business in which they work.
This style was modernized and became popular in the late 80's and early 90's. This has its drawbacks as well though, as some people are not trained well enough to properly make leadership decisions.
Also, a lot of people in the workplace would rather be told what to do and how to do it, than be given power over these choices themselves.
There is no best leadership style as each of the 3 styles of leadership work differently in different workplaces and with different situations.
The best management team uses a combination of all styles to successfully carry out its objectives and keep the business running smoothly.